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DNA Testing for Immigration General Information:

 

Establishing a biological and legal family relationships for Immigration, United States Citizenship and Passports for the  INS,  USCIS, or US Department of Homeland Security

Reasons for DNA Testing: During the immigration process when an Petitioner is sponsoring a Beneficiary, applicants are free to submit any evidence they believe pertinent to prove a biological family relationship. However, in some cases, the Government rules that the evidence that has been presented in not official enough to be deemed, satisfactory, original or true. For instance: children cannot be confirmed as the biological offspring; a birth certificate may contain errors or was created after the date of birth; perhaps it cannot be established through documentation if a spouse is the true spouse or a sibling of that individual; etc.

In order to establish a true biological relationship between a petitioner and beneficiary, the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) requires that a blood relationship exist between those parties. Volume 22 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Section 51.40 provides that the burden of proof is upon the applicant to establish a claim to U.S. citizenship. When primary and secondary documentary evidence are deemed insufficient to establish such a claim, parentage blood testing, or DNA Testing,  is an option available to applicants.

In the cases where children are born out of wedlock, the DNA test establishes the true biological parental relationship, the Department of State would expedite issuance of a consular Report of Birth of a U.S. Citizen Abroad and a U.S. passport, provided applicable requirements of the Immigration and Nationality Act concerning birth out of wedlock and establishment of a legal relationship (acknowledgment of paternity and legitimization prior to the child's 18th birthday) have been met.

AABB Accreditation: DNA Testing for Immigration purposes must be performed by an AABB Accreditied laboratory listed one on the Department of State's U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Directory: Genetic Testing Laboratories. Our lab, Chromosomal Laboratories, Inc., is AABB Accredited as well as NYSDOH Accredited (New York State).

DNA Sample Types

Cheek swab / buccal cells: These samples are the standard for almost all Legal Relationship DNA Tests. Cheek swab samples are collected using a cotton swab (buccal swab). Buccal cheek cells contain the same exact genetic information that the white bold cells taken from the blood for testing contain and are just as reliable.

Blood: Although blood can be tested in place of cheek swabs, it is not the standard for DNA testing, is more difficult to come by and can cost more to extract. Buccal cheek cells contain the same exact genetic information that the white bold cells taken from the blood for testing contain and are just as reliable.

HLA Blood Testing:  In some documents issued by the U.S. Government pertaining to family relationship blood testing, an HLA test is requested. HLA, or Human Leukocyte Antigens, were used prior to the standardization of DNA testing. This is no longer necessary and a state-of-the-art DNA relationship test can be conducted instead. Basic blood testing of the ABO, Rh and MN groupings does not constitute parentage, or relationship, blood testing.

Documentation: All official documents that were issued by the U.S. Government regarding the Relationship DNA test should be sent to our offices. In almost every case, we included these documents along with the kit or the DNA test results. Legal DNA testing must be conducted under appropriate safeguards, which include strict controls concerning protection of the chain of custody of blood or tissue samples, identification of the parties to be tested. photographs of each donor, and correct preparation of the test results.

Expenses: All expenses must be borne by the U.S. citizen parent(s), including shipping costs, and must be paid in advance.For more information about of our fees, please see: Fees and Shipping.

Test Results: In all phases of testing, communication must be directly between the laboratory and the U.S. embassy or consulate. All test results must be delivered directly by the laboratory to the U.S. embassy or consulate in a manner which precludes tampering. Under no circumstances should any other party, including those being tested, be permitted to carry or transport blood or tissue samples or test results. Since the applicant is bearing full financial responsibility for testing, however, the Department of State has no objection to that person receiving a copy of the results from the laboratory.

How Our Process Works: For more information about this process, please visit: About Our Services and Fees and Shipping

Questions: For questions pertaining to this and other types of DNA testing, please contact us at: (888) 362-4339. Or you may email us at: info@dnaidentifiers.com .